Land Measurement Units in Rajasthan, Haryana and all India – Approx Property

Land Measurement Units in Rajasthan, Haryana and all India – Approx Property

Land Measurement Units in India: Standard Measurement Units, Land Conversion Table

To denote the area of a landed property, various types of units for land measurement are used in India. The term used in every state is different across India.

Before you head to buy a property Approx Property suggests that you must have a better understanding of land measurement units. Also, always do the calculation on your own, do not trust the builder.

Land Measurements Units:

In India, the units for the measurement of the land vary from one state to another. Measurements like Bigha, Biswa, Marla, Kanal, Kattha, and others are used in the Northern region of India, while Ground, Cent, Ankanam, and Guntha units are used in Southern India.

Popular land measurement units are Chatak, Dhur, Kattha, and Lecha in East Indian states such as West Bengal, Assam, and Tripura. Units like Bigha, Biswa and Biswansi are extremely common in western Indian states such as Rajasthan and Gujarat.

Though the local measurement system is still in use, the standard units like Square Feet, Acres, Square Yards (also known as Gag), Square Meters, etc are increasingly used all over India.  In this guide we’ll get to know what are the standards land measurement units and land measurement conversion table.

Difference Between Plot and Ground

Sizes often vary from state to state, depending on the specific name of units. There are only a few measures, such as Square Meters, Hectares Square Feet, and Square Yards and Acres that are widely used in India.





1 Bigha-Pucca

3025 sq yd

Bihar, Punjab, Haryana, and parts of Uttar Pradesh

1 Pucca-Bigha is equal to165 ft*165 ft

1 Bigha

968 sq yd

Parts of Himachal Pradesh, and Uttarakhand

1 Bigha

900 sq yd

Parts of Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand.

Bigha- Kachha

1008.33 sq yd

Parts of Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh

Kachha Bigha is one-third of Pucca Bigha

1 Biswa – Pucca

151.25 sq yd

Northern parts of Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana

1 Biswa is equal to 1/20 Bigha (Pucca)

1 Biswa

48.4 sq yd

Parts of Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand

1 Biswa is equal to 1/20 Bigha

1 Biswa

45 sq yd

Parts of Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand

1 Biswa is equal to 1/20 Bigha

1 Biswa (Kaccha)

50.417 sq yd

Parts of Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh

1 Biswa is equal to 1/20 Bigha (Kaccha)

1 Biswansi

1/20 Biswa

Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, and Uttarakhand

1 Biswa has 20 Biswansis

1 Killa

4840 sq yd

Parts of Haryana and Punjab

1 Killa= 1 Acre

1 Ghumaon

4840 sq yd

Parts of Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, and Punjab

1 Ghumaon = 1 Acre

1 Kanal

5445 sq ft. 8 Kanals is 1 Acre

Haryana, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, and Jammu and Kashmir

1 Acre = 8 Kanal

1 Chatak

180 sq ft

West Bengal

16 Chatak=1 Katha

1 Decimal

48.4 sq yd

West Bengal

1Acre=100 decimals

1 Dhur

68.0625 sq ft

Bihar and Jharkhand

1 Kattha =20 Dhurs

1 Dhur

3.6 sq ft


1 Kattha =20 Dhurs

1 Kattha

2880 sq ft


1 Bigha = 5 Katthas

1 Kattha

720 sq ft


1 Bigha = 20 Katthas

1 Kattha

1361.25 sq ft


1 Bigha = 20 Katthas

1 Lecha

144 sq ft


20 Lechas = 1 Kattha

1 Bigha

Pucca 3025 sq yd

Bihar and parts of Rajasthan

1 Bigha is equal to 165 ft X 165 ft

1 Bigha

1936 sq yd

Gujarat and parts of Rajasthan

1 Bigha is equal to 132 ft X 132 ft

1 Biswa

Pucca 151.25 sq yd

Northern parts of Rajasthan

1 Biswa = 1/20 Bigha

1 Biswa

96.8 sq yd

Lower parts of Rajasthan

1 Biswa = 1/20 Bigha

1 Biswansi

1/20 Biswa


1 Bigha

1333.33 sq yd

Parts of Madhya Pradesh

1 Kattha

600 sq ft

Madhya Pradesh

1 Bigha = 20 Kathas

Land Measurement Units: Standard Units of Measuring Land in South India

Following are standard unit of measuring land in South India:-


States used in


1 Ankanam

Parts of Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka

72 sq ft, 1Acre=605 Ankanams

1 Cent

Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka

435.6 sq ft

1 Ground

Parts of Tamil Nadu

2400 sq ft

1 Guntha

Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharasthra

1089 sq ft

1 Kuncham

Andhra Pradesh

484 sq yd, 1 Kuncham=10 cents

Land Measurement Units: Standard Units of Measuring Land in Central India

Find below the standard units used for measuring land in Central India.

Units Conversion States Details
1 Bigha 1333.33 sq yd Parts of Madhya Pradesh
1 Kattha 600 sq ft Madhya Pradesh 1 Bigha is equal to 20 Katthas

How to Measure Land Area?

Upon making the appropriate provisions for roads, schools, hospitals, markets, parks, and other amenities, the property is divided into residential plots.
The plot number and size may be derived from the sketch for the layout.

In the case of a resale home, the description of the home can be included in the Sale Deed and its location.

The area is usually provided in the form of Square Feet in the case of a residential house. However, the property area is listed in terms of Acres or Hectares in the case of agricultural land. You need to calculate the length and width of the available land to determine the land area.

Land Measurement Conversion Table

The standard land measuring units in India are square yard and hectare. Square yard is usually known as Gaj in northern India.

Length in Unit

Conversion Factor

1 Square meter

10.76 square feet

1 Square yard

9 square feet

1 Centimeter (cm)

10 mm, 0.01 m

1 Chain (ch)

66 ft, 22 yd (gaj), 100 links (kadi), 4 rods

1 Feet (ft)

12 inches, 30.48 cm

1 Furlong

660 ft, 220 yd, 40 rods, 10 chains

1 Gaj

1 yd, 0.91444 m, 3 ft, 36 in

1 Gattha

5.5 hath, 2.75 yd, 8.25 ft, 99 in

1 Hath

0.5 yd, 18 in, 1.5 ft

1 Inch (in)

2.54 cm, 0.0833 ft

1 Jarib (Shahjahani)

165 ft

1 Jarib (Gantari)

132 ft

1 Karam

66 in, 5.5 ft

1 Kilometer (km)

1000m, 3280.84 ft

1 Meter (m)

100 cm, 39.3701 in, 3.28084 ft

1 Mile (mi)

1.60934 km, 5280 ft

1 Millimeter (mm)

0.1 cm, 0.001m

1 Perch/ Rod/Pole

16.5 sqft, 5.5 yd

1 Yard (yd)

1 Gaj, 3 ft, 36 in, 0.91444 m

Land measurement and administration is a complex task and generally managed by the land records administration in various states of India. Some of the important officers directly related to land measurement and administration are as follows-

Patwari :
Although found at the lowest rung of the land and revenue administration hierarchy, Patwari is one of the most important land officers in matters related to land. He is primarily responsible for the management and providence of land records in an area, usually a village/town.
The major duties of a Patwari are maintenance of village land records, measurement of agricultural and fallow land, maintenance of crop records, and keeping the land records up to date.
Revenue Inspector :
Revenue Inspector is the next officer in the land administration hierarchy after Patwari. He assists the Naib-tehsildar and Tehsildars in the maintenance of land records.
He keeps a tab on the works of patwaris under him/her. His primary duties include the surveys related to damages caused by natural calamities, certifying mutations, and preparing boundary marks inspection reports, among others.
Naib Tehsildar :
He is the next in-line officer to the Revenue Inspector. He oversees the work of 3-4 revenue Inspectors under him/her. He or she is generally in charge of two to three revenue circles in a state.

He is also responsible for direct inspection and supervision of crop yield and its records in an area. A Naib-tehsildar reports to Tehsildar.


In terms of land records management, Tehsildar is the highest authority in Tehsil. He is powerful in terms of land records management and revenue collection in an area. If there is a crop loss in an area, Tehsildar is the nodal officer to report losses to the higher authority.

In addition to the above officers, SDM, ADM and DM oversee the land administration work in a district.

How to Use a Land Measurement Units Calculator?

The land measurement units calculator is an easy tool that allows you to calculate and convert land measurement units accurately. It is an online tool that is easy to use and generates results within seconds. Here is all that you need to perform land area conversions:

  • Select the state (the state where the land is located)

  • Select the number of units and the unit type

  • Select the measurement to which you wish to convert the land area to

Entering these inputs will give the exact conversion, error-free and instantaneous. The online calculator lets you convert land measurement units across the country.

Benefits of a Land Measurement Units Calculator

India is a diverse nation with 28 states. A large number of states means there are different kinds of land measurement units. As a result, land area conversion often gets complicated.

This is where a land measurement units calculator comes into play. The benefits of this conversion calculator include the following:

  • Easy and quick calculations

  • Simple land area conversion into lesser-known land metrics

  • It allows you to make better property-related decisions and derive the actual valuation of the land.

Conclusion to Land Measurement Units

Conclusively, this blog will help understand the different land measurement units used in India. Now, you know how units are converted and what are the units’ names in different states.

Having proper knowledge of these units will help you in setting budget, selecting the property and ensures that you finalize a best deal. To reduce a chance of mistake you should use area calculator.

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